Abdominal pain - the main causes of abdominal pain

Although women do not complain more often, pain in the lower abdomen is also characteristic of men.

Both women and men have these repeated natural symptoms that signal a health problem..

On the basis of the place where the stomach hurts, the nature of the disease, the severity and associated symptoms, the doctor can determine in advance what is its cause. You must remember that pain is deceiving. The real pain radiates in a completely different place than it actually is.

The character changes, the pain passes or intensifies without a visible connection with a possible disease (under the influence of stress, excitement, etc.). Determining exactly what hurts and where is not easy. Fortunately, it is not enough for doctors to have only knowledge and experience, the ability to conduct laboratory tests, the use of medical equipment, and a referral to a specialist are necessary. Basic blood tests and ultrasound can help you determine a reasonable plan leading to a final diagnosis and proper treatment..

The fact is that you first need to visit a therapist. Therefore, if abdominal pain is a problem, especially when aching, do not delay the visit to the doctor. Perhaps he will solve the problem himself or refer you to a urologist and gastroenterologist, and women to a gynecologist. Abdominal pain can have many causes..

The following are the most common causes:

1. The accumulation of gases in the intestines

There is pain in the lower abdomen, however, it can attack even higher. It has the character of colic. They are very annoying, but usually short-lived. The murmurs accompany them, "transfusions" in the stomach, bowel problems. If you overeat often, your food is difficult to digest, you tend to bloat, diarrhea, or constipation. When you do not protect your digestive tract, it rebels, and its hard work translates into your well-being.

Herbal tea, a warm compress, a gentle massage - this is most often enough for the pain to subside. Changing dietary habits will temporarily help. If the attack of colic does not go away within a few hours, the stomach is clearly tight, severe pain, then it is better to consult a doctor. Constipation, gas congestion, bowel malfunction are a group of symptoms that indicate a serious illness..

Yes, although rare, nevertheless, appendicitis can occur (pain is clearly on the right and fever are classic symptoms, but there are exceptions). Even irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), although most often does not lead to serious consequences, it is better to treat under the supervision of a gastroenterologist.

2. Colon Disease

The intensity of the pain does not necessarily indicate completely how serious your problems are. In the case of colon diseases, the pain is often not very strong, but at the same time lingering and persistent. Regardless of the type of pain accompanying symptoms: bloating, discomfort, "spray" in the stomach, rarely fever.

Over time (and sometimes almost evenly with pain), diarrhea or constipation appears, and sometimes both alternately. In the stool, mucus or blood can be observed. These last signs are already a clear signal, so as not to hesitate with the advice of a doctor. Without diagnosis, it is impossible to distinguish this irritable bowel syndrome from a chronic colon disease, including very serious ones that require constant monitoring by a specialist, such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.

The same symptoms can cause colon polyps or colon cancer. Almost every malignant tumor is initially quite simple to treat. It often takes about 10 years to become a life-threatening aggressor. But during the year this disease can be asymptomatic, hence the need for screening, prevention, among which decisive importance relates to colonoscopy. A person who experiences painful symptoms (for example, weight loss, anemia) is, in a sense, privileged - there is a chance that he will get to a specialist in time.

3. Gynecological problems

It is a myth that pains in the lower abdomen associated with a state of inflammation or another abnormality in the reproductive system are markedly different from stomach ones. Gynecological diseases that are easily associated with "women's issues" (burning of the vagina, change in mucus, irregular menstruation) can cause "abdominal" symptoms (bloating, diarrhea). It is not difficult to confuse them with diseases of the urinary tract (lower back pain, burning sensation during urination), moreover, they are often found together.

It is for this reason, if you have pain in the lower abdomen and other problems, it is recommended that gynecologist control. Each woman should visit this specialist at least once a year, unless the doctor has prescribed otherwise. No direction needed. The most serious gynecological diseases leading to infertility (for example, endometriosis), and even life-threatening (cervical cancer, ovarian cancer), for a very long time may not produce any symptoms.

Only a medical examination can detect violations at an early stage, when treatment is simple. Standard cytology and ultrasound can sometimes make a diagnosis in more detail. However, it all starts with a medical examination room..

A gynecologist is needed not only during pregnancy.

Of course, do not forget that gynecological abdominal pains are physiological ailments. Accompanied in some women (usually very young) in the middle of the menstrual cycle of ovulation or during menstruation. Unpleasant abdominal cramps are caused by changes in the woman’s body (in case of ovulation: release of the egg during menstruation and right in front of her, due to the separation of the uterine mucosa in order to prepare for the next cycle).

Abdominal pain - the main causes of abdominal pain

How to recognize that what we feel?

It is almost impossible to do it yourself, so you need to go to the gynecologist. However, a constant headache in itself is already a problem. Safe medicines and natural methods effectively relieve pain. The choice of method is best agreed with your doctor. Too plentiful or scanty menstruation is delayed by bleeding, violates the menstrual cycle: do not underestimate them. Solve a problem with a doctor.

4. Prostatitis

Existing problems in the underbelly are reserved for men only. The pain appears in the perineum, felt in the scrotum and even around the anus. There is discomfort during urination at night (pain, problems with emptying the bladder), problems with erection, premature ejaculation, and even general irritability and apathy.

Of course, as in the case of women, there may not be any warning signals at all, so men should also undergo preventive examinations, go to a urologist or andrologist as a control. But first you need to visit a GP.

5. Infection or stones in the urinary tract

In men, the symptoms are the same as above. Very often they indicate a problem with the urinary tract. In women, they are most easily confused with a gynecological problem. If you suspect that something disturbing is occurring in the urinary system (regardless of gender, you have trouble urinating, the bladder seems to be completely empty, you have a high fever for no apparent reason), consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Most often, a general urine test is enough to confirm or eliminate your concerns. Based on the results, the doctor will first assess how sick you are and advise a thorough examination (for example, ultrasound), or offer advice from a specialist: a urologist (for example, if you suspect urolithiasis), or a nephrologist (for example, in a chronic inflammatory condition).

Attention! Each persistent and prolonged pain ("stab", "burning in the stomach" or a feeling of constriction) may mean inflammation, ulcer, stones, or obstruction. The so-called somatic pain invariably requires a visit to the doctor.

Do not underestimate the problem that worries at night. If the pain is so severe that you wake up, look for the cause..

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